Babies Should Not Drink Fruit Juice, Doctors Group Says

This article originally appeared on Time.com. 

Babies under the age of 1 should not drink fruit juice, according to new guidelines from the American Academy of Pediatrics.

The AAP previously said fruit juice was appropriate for babies after six months, but has since found that juice serves “virtually no role” during a child’s first year of life, the authors wrote in new guidelines published in the journal Pediatrics. Doctors said babies younger than six months should only drink breastmilk or infant formula as their primary source of nutrition.

RELATED: Newborn Baby Photographed With Mother’s IUD in Hand

For toddlers between the ages of 1 and 3, doctors recommend no more than 4 ounces of 100% juice per day. The doctors strongly advise that juice not be used to calm older toddlers or given to them throughout the day. A maximum of 6 ounces of juice is recommended for children between 4 and 6 years old, and 8 ounces for children age 7 and older.

Source: Mind and Body

What to Do When Your Ears Get Clogged on a Plane

Between the jet lag, dry air, and muscle-cramping seating in coach, flying can really do a number on your health. But one of the most common body complaints fliers experience tends to go overlooked or be blown off as no big deal: clogged or plugged ears.

The proper term is “ear barotrauma,” which pretty accurately describes the pain and discomfort the condition typically causes. This complaint isn’t just a passing annoyance. Besides starting your vacation or business trip on a particularly sour note, it can also lead to some pretty serious complications, too. 

To understand what’s behind that clogged sensation, you’ll need a quick anatomy lesson. Your ear is divided into three sections: the outer ear, the middle ear (which houses the eardrum), and the inner ear. The middle ear is connected to the back of the nose and upper throat via a passageway called the eustachian tube, whose job it is to stabilize the air pressure levels between your nose and ear.

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“Our eustachian tubes open and close multiple times a day, but the passageway is so tiny that we don’t really notice it as long as it’s moving properly,” says Ana Kim, MD, an otolaryngologist at ColumbiaDoctors Midtown and associate professor of otolaryngology—head and neck surgery at Columbia University Medical Center in New York.

RELATED: 7 Vacation Health Hassles Solved

“When we’re flying, however, there’s a rapid change in the barometric [air] pressure, which causes a collapse of the eustachian tubes and interferes with the normal air flow from the nose to the ear,” explains Kim. Getting on a plane while you’re sick with a cold or other head infection that triggers nasal congestion makes those changes in air pressure even worse. 

“If you have an active ear or sinus infection, you’re taking away what little volume of air you have [in the Eustachian tube] by flying, which could cause a lot of pain,” says Kim. Gwen Stefani experienced this a few weeks ago when she hopped a flight while fighting a cold and ended up with a ruptured ear drum due to changes in cabin pressure, boyfriend Blake Shelton told Entertainment Tonight.

To re-stabilize the air pressure levels and prevent uncomfortable aching, you’ll need to open up those tubes. Here are three things to try if it happens to you.

Pinch your nose and blow—gently!

To get your ears to “pop,” you can try closing off your nose and mouth, then gently forcing the air into the middle ear. Do not—repeat, do not—blow too hard. Doing so can actually rupture the membranes of the cochlea (the organ that allows us to hear), says Kim. And when that happens, fluid can leak out, causing hearing loss, nerve damage, dizziness, or a type of ringing in the ear called tinnitus.

RELATED: 5 Mistakes You’re Making Cleaning Your Ears

Move your mouth muscles

Call it a good reason to keep a pack of gum in your carry-on: moving the muscles of your jaw by chewing, yawning, or swallowing water or another beverage can help reopen the eustachian tubes, says Kim. If you’re traveling with a baby or toddler and you suspect (or they tell you) their ears are plugged up, have them sip juice or water or use a pacifier to get those mouth muscles going.

Take a decongestant

Medications like Afrin shrink blood vessels and reduce inflammation in your nasal cavity. Since it works right away, you can take it 10 minutes before takeoff to prevent your ears from clogging in the first place. One word of caution: Although these meds are over-the-counter, people who have heart problems or are pregnant shouldn’t take them unless they’ve cleared it with their doctor.

To get our best wellness advice delivered to you inbox, sign up for the Healthy Living newsletter

If the clogging doesn’t go away . . . 

Most of the time, the pressure should clear up a few hours after you’re back on land, she says. If it lingers longer—into the following day, for example—you might have a buildup of fluid behind your ear that isn’t ventilating properly. For that, you’ll probably want to see a doctor. Not only will you experience some temporary hearing loss (everyone will sound like you’re listening to them underwater) you could put yourself at risk of a serious infection.

Source: Mind and Body

Mom Explains Why It's So Important to Be Body Positive in Front of Kids — Even When Bikini Shopping

This article originally appeared on People.com. 

Trying on bathing suits tends to be a time when women self-criticize, but Brittney Johnson made sure her recent mother-daughter bikini shopping trip was a positive one because she knew her young daughter was listening to how she spoke about her appearance.

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In a Facebook post that now has been liked over 322,000 times and shared over 165,000 times, Johnson, 27, explained why it’s so important for moms to be body positive role models for their children.

In the post, Johnson details her shopping trip, noting that her young daughter was polite to servers and generous to other children she encountered at the mall. When they got to Target, her daughter helped her pick out a few different swimsuits to try on. Johnson started snapping pictures of herself in the swimsuits to get her friends’ opinions, and noticed that her daughter was trying on the bikinis too.

RELATED: These Swimsuit Selfies Are Perfect Proof That Every Body Is a Bikini Body

“I stopped for a second to see what she would say, and when she turned to the mirror, she said, ‘Wow I just love cheetah print! I think I look beautiful! Do you think I look beautiful too?!’ ” Johnson wrote. “It hit me that she only says what she hears. What she sees. I tell her that she is beautiful every single day.”

“She is kind walking through the mall, because I tell her she is kind everywhere else,” she continued. “She is polite at the order counter because she hears me when I’m polite to strangers everywhere. She gives compliments to people she doesn’t know because she loves how it feels when she hears them. And when we are in a dressing room, with swimsuits of all God-forsaken things, there is a split moment when I have the power to say ‘Wow I have really gotten fat this year’ or ‘Wow I love this coral color on me!’ And those are the words burned into my daughter’s brain.”

Johnson notes that parents know to be a model for good manners and kindness, but often forget to be good role models when it comes to body image.

RELATED: Here’s How Little You Need to Exercise to Boost Your Mood

“When it comes to body image, be an example,” she wrote. “I am not a size zero. I never will be. I have big thighs and a huge rump and for some reason the middle of my body gets more tan than the rest. But this body made a whole other body. I am strong. I am able. And I am happy. I don’t have to be beautiful like you, because I am beautiful like me.”

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She knows that instilling a positive body image in her daughter now will benefit her as she grows up.

“As my daughter gets older, and she faces judgement and criticism, I will always remind her that the girls who look the prettiest in a two-piece or a body suit or a freaking Snuggie are the ones who are happy. Because that’s all that matters,” wrote Johnson. “And I want her to look at herself every single day and say, ‘Oh wow! I think I look beautiful!’ because every girl deserves to feel that.”

Source: Mind and Body

These Swimsuit Selfies Are Perfect Proof That Every Body Is a Bikini Body

It’s officially swimsuit season, and with that comes plenty of fun in the sun (with proper SPF!)—but not before the dreaded act of wriggling into a bikini for the first time in months. As your first beach day or pool party approaches, you may be feeling pressure to work out like mad, or do a torturous cleanse. But the reality is, you shouldn’t have to change your body to feel comfortable in a bathing suit. That’s the message these social media stars are trying to spread. With their swimsuit selfies and empowering captions, they prove that every body is a bikini body.

Bodyposipanda

@bosdyposipanda

The body-positive guru’s side-by-side bikini pics prove that poolside, all you need is a confident smile and stylish suit to feel like a queen.

Danielle Brooks

@daniebb3

The Orange is the New Black star’s post is simple but powerful (not to mention gorgeous). Her caption: “Love every pound.”

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Iskra Lawrence

@iskra

Model Iskra Lawrence never misses a chance to champion self-love, and her bikini selfies are no exception. In a recent snap by a jacuzzi, she wrote: “Just a lil reminder Hip dips and not perfectly rounded hips and narrow, flat, fat hips they are all beautiful. What makes you YOU is that you are imperfectly perfect and no on can ever be you!”

Cassey Ho

@blogilates

Even more stunning than this photo of the fitness pro is her caption caption, reminding us that wearing a swimsuit doesn’t give others an invitation to judge us. Nor is it an invitation to judge ourselves: “Your body is simply a physical vessel for you to carry out the things you want to accomplish with your life. Take care of your body, respect it, and it will do amazing things for you.”

    Source: Mind and Body

    This Former Bikini Competitor Shared a Before-and-After Pic to Make a Powerful Point

    Julie Ledbetter, once a bikini competitor, is now a fitness and body-positive blogger. She knows how tough it is to train for a competition, and in her case, it led to a scary-low body-fat percentage and a very unhealthy attitude concerning her size and shape. That’s why she decided to share a different kind of before-and-after photo with her Facebook followers.

    Ledbetter posted a photo of herself taken just before a competition in 2014 and then paired it with a video showing her “after” body as it looks today. In the video and the post caption, Ledbetter explained how her pre-competition body was unhealthy and unsustainable.

    “I was almost in the single digits for body fat % (not healthy), constantly cold (in the middle of JULY), always thinking about my next meal because I was in a deep caloric deficit and couldn’t miss a gym session because ‘I was ___ weeks out from my show,’” Ledbetter wrote in the caption.

     

    She also mentioned that even though she had a super toned physique and visible six-pack, she still thought she needed to lose stomach fat.

    “Talk about a WARPED brain I had,” she commented.

    These days, Ledbetter is healthier, and she’s embraced a positive outlook concerning her body. Her weight has gone up, and she has more body fat. In the video, she said it might be confusing for some people to understand how her progress involved adding pounds. Yet having a maintainable body and lifestyle makes her feel better, physically and emotionally.

    RELATED: The Best Body-Positive Moments of 2016

    Ledbetter explained that she still works out five days a week, but she’s able to take weekends off and incorporate rest days. She’s also no longer sacrificing time with friends and family in the name of “perfect” eating.

    “I am at a healthy body fat %, I am not constantly thinking about my next meal or stressed when things take priority over my workouts. I am strong, content and most importantly confident of the body I have built since 2014,” she stated. “This body is something that I can confidently say I can maintain for life.”

    To get our best wellness advice delivered to you inbox, sign up for the Healthy Living newsletter.

    Ledbetter ends the post by encouraging women not to compare their bodies to someone else’s, reminding them that most bikini competition photos are only showing an extreme highlight reel and aren’t realistic.

    The original post has been viewed 6.6 million times and has racked up over 30,000 shares. Clearly, Ledbetter’s message to embrace balance is hitting a chord.

    She wrapped up the video with a powerful statement: “Yes, this is my after body and I’m proud of it.”

    Source: Mind and Body

    The Best Health Advice We've Received from Our Moms

    Here at Health, we’re dedicated to sharing the best and latest wellness advice. Our drive comes from our own goals to live healthfully—and these were inspired in part by the healthy-living lessons our mothers instilled in us throughout our lives. With Mother’s Day right around the corner, we’re excited to share the mom-backed wisdom that didn’t always make sense at the time . . . but we’re now super grateful for. Thanks a ton, Mom!

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    Cooking 101

    “The healthiest thing I learned from my mom is how to run a functional kitchen at home: how to shop for groceries and produce, how to store and keep food fresh, and how to plan for a week’s worth of meals for a whole family. She also taught me the basics of cooking, whether salads, soups, or main courses. My mom’s cooking mantra was always ‘delicious and nutritious’ and to this day I find myself muttering those words as I putter around my own kitchen!”

    —Michael Gollust, research editor

    RELATED: 16 Delicious Recipes for Mother’s Day Brunch

    Taking Charge of My Own Health

    “My mom taught me that it’s important to ask a lot of questions and to advocate for myself when it comes to doctors, not to just do what anyone says blindly. Her point was that ultimately any decisions about my health are up to me.”

    —Beth Lipton, food director

    Avoiding Unhealthy Fats

    “Remember when everyone became very concerned with trans fats in 2006 or so? My mom was obsessed with trans fats five years before they were a mainstream thing to worry about. She refused to let us buy anything that contained partially hydrogenated oils (which was about 90% of my preferred diet at the time) and would go on about how terrible they were for you. While it was embarrassing to be the only kid not allowed to eat packaged foods, I think it helped me become a healthier adult—I still read every nutrition label and double-check that there’s nothing partially hydrogenated in there.”

    —Kathleen Mulpeter, senior editor

    Preventing UTIs

    “It’s never not awkward to receive sex advice from your mom (especially as a teenager). But my mom saying to hit the bathroom and pee after doing the deed will always stick with me. It’s the simplest way to prevent UTIs and although my 16-year-old self cringes at that conversation, her advice is tried and true.”

    —Julia Naftulin, assistant editor

    RELATED: 17 Healthy Mother’s Day Gifts

    Eating Clean

    “Growing up, our pantry was scarce of processed and sugar-laden products and treats like ice cream and sweet cereals. Even Lunchables were reserved for special occasions. Instead, my mom fed me clean, nutritious food—including kale, way before it was trendy. At the time, I wasn’t always a fan of this healthy lifestyle, but now I couldn’t be more grateful for her nutritional guidance. She taught me there’s nothing wrong with enjoying less-than-healthy foods every so often—the key is simply balance and being kind to my body.”

    —Kristine Thomason, assistant editor

    Embracing Body Empowerment

    “My mom grew up in the 1950s, when information about sex and women’s health was suppressed. She wanted better for me, so she gave the quintessential 1970s feminist book Our Bodies, Ourselves when I was in high school. Our Bodies, Ourselves introduced me to the body- and sex-positive attitudes that empowered me.”

    —Olivia Barr, digital photo editor

    Making Time for Sleep

    “My mom gets up with the sun and is in bed around 9 p.m. and she’s had this schedule her entire life. I don’t have her early-bird body clock, but I try to turn in as early as possible and get a solid 7 to 8 hours of sleep. Considering how good she looks and how active she is, it’s clear that sleep is a key to health. She’s the only person I’ve ever known who doesn’t complain about being tired all the time.”

    —Esther Crain, deputy editor

    Moderation Is Key

    “My mom’s healthiest advice? Everything in moderation. She picked it up from her mother (although my grandma would relay the wisdom in Greek) and she has subscribed to this balanced mentality ever since. Permission to indulge in a slice of chocolate cake now and then, granted.”

    – Anthea Levi, assistant editor

    Source: Mind and Body

    Getting the Youth into Yoga

    Instructor aims to help students learn to ‘deal and cope with emotions’

    ONTARIO — On Fridays, it’s yoga day — well, at least for some members of the Boys & Girls Club of the Western Treasure Valley.

    At the end of every school week, since April 14, approximately 22 fourth-, fifth- and sixth-grade club members swap their school bags for yoga mats.

    As part of Triple Play, a program focused on the wellness of the mind, body and soul, yoga at the club has been possible in the last few weeks.

    Though the wellness program isn’t new to the club, offering yoga to members is a fresh spin.

    Megan Cook, the yoga instructor leading the class, said she is beyond thrilled for the opportunity to do so.

    Cook, who owns Balance Studio – a local yoga and spin cycle business – said she originally pitched the idea to Matt Sorenson, executive director of the club.

    “I just asked Matt if I could teach here,” Cook said. “And when he said it would be great, he got in touch with John and we put it on the schedule.”

    Scheduled for a period of eight weeks, the sessions will wrap up June 2.

    John Lucero, who is the youth development coordinator overseeing Triple Play, said he has noticed a deep interest in club members since it began four weeks ago.

    “I feel like the kids are really getting into yoga,” Lucero said. “Some of them keep asking, ‘When will Megan come back?’”

    Another positive, Lucero added, is the ability to demonstrate to club members that there are other ways to get active and exercise.

    “It’s definitely getting a point across that there are other ways to get in shape,” he said.

    Among other benefits is fine-tuning the children’s ability to understand and connect with one’s emotions.

    Cook said she began yoga four years ago, and most recently began teaching it to children because she felt it necessary to teach emotional awareness.

    “Once I got into the training, I thought ‘Well, kids need to know about this.’ As a parent, and just being around kids — and even adults — you see that being able to deal with emotions in everyday life, including stress, is so important to learn,” Cook said. “It inspired me to teach kids yoga so they learn how to deal and cope with those emotions, because I see so many adults that have a hard time — including myself — just trying to get through the business of the day.”

    Each session begins at 4 p.m. and lasts for an hour.

    An introduction is typically the warm up, and on Friday, those in attendance were able to share their name, grade and favorite breakfast food. Club members were also tasked with posing as their favorite breakfast meal.

    Once they finished sharing, all 10 members began the posing sequence. The goal, Cook said, is twofold. She would first like the members to familiarize themselves with the poses and getting to know the names. And, most importantly, Cook said, it’s key to hold a conversation about how the body is reacting to poses.

    She pointed out that, “Your mind is telling you something and it’s OK to listen to that and be in the moment. I think it’s so important to not only know what our feelings are, but to be able to be OK with them and know we are having them for a reason.”

    During every pose, Cook would remind the children to focus on how the brain is reacting to the body.

    “It hurts,” expressed some girls.

    “My body doesn’t like that,” said others.

    “Why may we be feeling that way?,” Cook asked the club members.

    Many came to the conclusion that it was a lack of exposure to exercising.

    Following poses is the pranayama, also known as the breath. Here, Cook takes the members through a breathing exercise. Depending on the day, the routine varies. Cook said her favorite exercise is called “good breath in and bad breath out.”

    “We think of something good about ourselves while we are breathing in, and then something that maybe we often tell ourselves that isn’t very nice; we breathe that thought out. It’s a nice way to get them centered,” Cook said.

    Creativity is also incorporated into the yoga session, and on Friday, members were able to color mandalas— a circle pattern that represents life.

    Following the mandala, is savasana (pronounced shavasana); it’s a time where club members lay down and relax on a mat. The focus, Cook said, is to relax the 11 body systems at the same time, which doesn’t happen often during the day.

    “Especially as a child. You get up and go, and you go all day, so it’s nice for them,” she added. “During this time I like to go through a body scan, so it brings awareness to their body and their breath because part of yoga is trying to match the breathe and the body in order to create awareness.”

    To conclude the session, a positive reinforcement in the form of a mantra is repeated three times.

    Naturally as humans, Cook said, people tend to be hard on themselves and often don’t take time in the day to remind themselves they are happy, or that they believe in themselves.

    During Friday’s class, the following mantra was repeated.

    “Repeat after me,” Cook said to club members as she began wrapping up Friday’s session. “I am happy (I am happy). I am free (I am free). I am safe (I am safe). I believe in me (I believe in me).”

    First Woman With Down Syndrome to Compete in Miss Minnesota USA: 'I'm Going to Blaze the Trail!'

    This article originally appeared on People.com. 

    Mikalya Holmgren is already a pageant pro, but she’s about to make history as the first woman with Down Syndrome to compete in Miss Minnesota USA.

    The 22-year-old college student decided to apply for the pageant in April.

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    “I said, ‘I want to do this,’ ” Holmgren tells PEOPLE. “I want to show my personality. I want to show what my life looks like, being happy, and joyful. I want to show what Down Syndrome looks like.”

    The Marine on St. Croix, Minnesota native, who is also an accomplished dancer, previously won the Minnesota Miss Amazing pageant, which features women with special needs. Holmgren says that she wasn’t nervous at all about applying for Miss Minnesota — just “super proud!”

    And she was thrilled to get in.

    “I was just so happy and I had a smile on my face,” Holmgren says, of hearing the news.

    Denise Wallace, executive co-director of Miss Minnesota USA, says Holmgren was a perfect fit for the pageant.

    “Mikayla is such an incredible and accomplished young woman. We feel she definitely has what it takes to compete at the Miss Minnesota USA pageant this fall in that she is the epitome of what the Miss Universe Organization strives to look for in contestants — someone who is confidently beautiful,” she tells PEOPLE.

    RELATED: These Easy Tweaks Will Make Your Coffee Healthier

    The Miss Minnesota USA pageant also made headlines last year when it featured Halima Aden, the first contestant to wear a hijab.

    Holmgren now has until November 26 to prepare, and she’s excited to make a difference as the first person with Down Syndrome to compete for the crown.

    “That means my life is changing because of the pageant. I’m very proud of myself. It’s a new thing in my life,” she says. “I’m going to blaze the trail!”

    Source: Mind and Body

    Total Body | 15-Minute Workout For Busy Guys

    For most busy professionals, the biggest consideration when it comes to training is time.And when you only have 15 minutes to train, the best bet is some form of metabolic conditioning that can get you strength, cardio, and mobility benefits and requires little to no warmup. (Check out the Men’s Health MetaShred program for a 21-day training plan based on this technique.)

    One of my favorite MetCon workouts is the classic 50-10 circuit where you pick 5 non-competitive moves that collectively work your whole body and pretty much alternate between them nonstop for 15 straight minutes. The training density in this circuit is sky high so you can maximize every minute of the workout.

     

    Here’s how it works:

    Do each move for 50 seconds of work with 10 seconds of rest between them:

    1. Hip hinge to row to curl
    2. Bear crawl jack
    3. Single-arm squat to lateral lunge, right arm
    4. Single-arm squat to lateral lunge, left arm
    5. Burpee and side plank combo

    That’s 1 round. Do 3 rounds.

    This can be done at any home or hotel gym, so there are no excuses not to get it in. Prepare for a great sweat and you’ll feel like you just went for a run by the time you’re done.

    Taking Ibuprofen Daily Raises Your Heart Attack Risk

    This article originally appeared on Time.com. 

    Ibuprofen, naproxen and celecoxib are among the most commonly used drugs in the U.S. They don’t require a prescription, and they’re a quick answer to all kinds of pain. But lately there’s been growing evidence that non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) may not be as benign as people think they are. (For more recent reporting on the potential side effects of NSAIDs, read this.)

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    In general, NSAIDs are considered safe when used as directed—which is to say occasionally, for spot relief of pain. More and more people, however, are relying on them for long term use, and at higher doses. Experts—and a growing body of science—say that’s where problems can start.

    RELATED: The Ibuprofen Risks You Need to Know

    In the latest study, published in the journal BMJ, researchers found that some risks can appear after even a few days of using NSAIDs. Compared with people who didn’t take the painkillers, those who did had a 20% to 50% greater chance of having a heart attack. The risk was higher for people who took 1,200 mg a day of ibuprofen—the equivalent of six standard tablets of Advil—and 750 mg a day for naproxen, the equivalent of roughly three and a half standard Aleves.

    The researchers pooled data from several large studies on the drugs and their health effects. In all, more than 446,000 people who used the non-prescription painkillers were included. Among them, more than 61,000 had a heart attack. People who took NSAIDs for even a week had a significantly higher risk of having a heart attack; the highest risk occurred for those taking them for about a month. (After a month, the risk didn’t appear to increase further — the researchers think that’s because everyone who was vulnerable to the drugs’ effects on the heart would have experienced heart problems by then.)

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    The results confirm those from earlier studies that also found a heightened risk of heart problems in NSAID users, but the large number of people in this analysis—and the more detailed look at how long people were taking the drugs—makes the connection even stronger. The researchers also accounted for other possible factors that could connect NSAID users and heart problems, such as diabetes, high cholesterol levels and previous history of heart disease. Even after those adjustments, the linked remained significant.

    The study also confirmed that newer NSAIDs like celecoxib, known as COX-2 inhibitors, which were originally thought to cause more heart problems than traditional NSAIDs, were not more risky when it comes to heart attacks.

    As TIME reported previously, some studies found a 19% higher risk of having heart trouble among NSAID users compared to people who didn’t use the drugs. Other studies have found higher risk of hearing loss and miscarriage as well. Those led the Food and Drug Administration to add a warning on NSAID labels about the risks of taking the drugs, especially for long periods of time at high doses.

    Source: Mind and Body